Wednesday, October 19, 2022

1:00 p.m.          Welcome and Overview

Hon. Janet Holmgren, 17th Judicial Circuit, President, ILAPSC Board of Directors

1:15 p.m.          General Session – Family-Centered Approach for Treatment Courts
Hon. Marcia Hirsch, Presiding Judge, Problem-Solving Courts, Queens, NY

All of the participants in our treatment courts are family members. They are parents, partners, grandparents, spouses, children, siblings, aunts and uncles. We know that substance use disorder, mental illness, and the profound impact of trauma affect all relationships in the family unit. Our participants spend more time at home with their families than they do with treatment providers and in our courthouses. This session will explore how to provide services that support our participants, their family needs and the parent-child relationship. Benefits include family stability, healthy communication, reduced violence, and improved community safety.

Learning Objectives

  1. Research demonstrates that a family-centered approach leads to better outcomes for adult recovery, children and families. 
  2. Describe what makes a practice family-centered. 
  3. Apply practical strategies that can move any treatment court further along the family-centered

3:00 p.m.          Break and Exhibits

3:30 p.m.          Breakout Sessions

#1 – Vicarious Trauma in Problem-Solving Courts
Hon. Marcia Hirsch, Presiding Judge, Problem-Solving Courts, Queens, NY

In recent years there has been recognition that many individuals involved in substance use and criminal activity have a history of trauma that has shaped much of their behavior and interactions with others. Research identifies that 66% of adults and over 70% of youth in substance use treatment have history of trauma. Trauma-informed care has become a standard of practice across the nation. Understanding the impact of trauma is critical to effective intervention with the drug court population. Secondary Trauma impacts caregivers and others working with trauma victims. Secondary trauma can result in burnout, transference, and a variety of health issues for the caregivers.

Learning Objectives

  1. Develop an understanding of the impact of stress and trauma on the body, brain and behavior. 
  2. Learn trauma informed care basic techniques including the core strategies of awareness, safety, trustworthiness, choice, collaboration and empowerment.
  3. Develop an understanding of the impact of secondary trauma, including compassion fatigue, burnout and vicarious trauma. 
  4. Identify strategies for effectively dealing with secondary trauma.
#2 – Research-Driven Therapies for Survivors of Trauma
Brian Meyer, PhD, NDCI Consultant

A significant portion of individuals in the criminal justice system have incurred a single trauma or several traumas throughout their lives. This session will focus on having a trauma-informed approach to working with these participants in your VTC. Additionally, research-driven trauma-informed services that most effectively meet the responsivity needs of the JIV will be identified and reviewed for possible consideration.

Learning Objectives

  1. Describe the differences between those individuals diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and those who have complex PTSD. 
  2. Identify trauma-informed interventions that work effectively with these individuals. 
  3. Describe practices that can be implemented which will result in your VTC being more trauma-informed.
#3 – Developing Resources through Sequential Intercept Mapping
Michelle O’Brien, JD, Principal Court Management Consultant, National Center for State Courts

The Sequential Intercept Model (SIM) is an effective tool for mapping a court and communities’ needs when it comes to behavioral health resources. A robust set of resources in the community is necessary to create a strong and healthy community where people get what they need to thrive. This same set of resources is necessary for courts to divert people with behavioral health needs from the justice system to appropriate treatment. Examples of resources and diversion options across the SIM will be shared.

Learning Objectives

  1. Participants will understand the Sequential Intercept Model and its benefits.
  2. Participants will learn ways to identify behavioral health needs throughout SIM.
  3. Participants will learn examples of resources and diversion options across the SIM.
  4. Participants will learn steps to take this information back to their community and begin to implement some of the concepts.
#4 – Innovative Response to Drug Use and Mental Health in the Community – What the Courts Need to Know: Deflection, 988, and Community Responders
Dr. Jon Ross, Director of Research & Evaluation, TASC’s Center for Health and Justice
Scott Block, Statewide Behavioral Health Administrator, Supreme Court of Illinois, Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts
Lorie Rickman Jones – Senior Executive in Population Health, Behavioral Health and Parity and Health Equity
Sophia Juarez, Research & Evaluation Coordinator, TASC’s Center for Health and Justice
Cierra McDonald, Research & Evaluation Coordinator, TASC’s Center for Health and Justice

Deflection and how it brings innovation to responses to drug use and mental health will be addressed. In deflection, first responders “deflect” individuals with substance use and/or mental health disorders (SUD/MHD) from entering the justice system, rather than arresting/prosecuting them by linking first responders and SUD/MHD treatment, housing, recovery, and service providers. Illinois has expanded an active deflection environment called CESSA by including a “co-responder” model incorporating emergency management and other community responders.  Included will be a general overview of the mental health crisis and how this led Congress to designate 988 as the National Suicide Hotline including 988’s purpose and the populations to which 988 will give special attention, including rural communities.  

#5 – The Use of Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) Evaluations in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders
Jennifer Cifaldi, JD, Illinois Traffic Safety Resource Prosecutor, University of Illinois
Ari Briskman, MA, Sgt. Lake County Sheriff’s Office/Drug Recognition Expert 

The Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) program was first introduced in the late 1970s in the State of California. While the program has expanded nationwide, it remains largely unknown and underutilized in the State of Illinois.  Attendees will learn about the DRE program and the drug influence evaluation process. This unique program can be used to assist treatment providers and the problem-solving courts assess the needs of the participants. The drug influence evaluation will provide the tools necessary to meet the unified goal of reducing recidivism rates and achieving success for everyone involved

#6 – Gender and Identity Responsive and Informed Treatment Court Practices
Colleen Gibbons, JD, Senior Program Manager, Center for Court Innovation

This presentation will highlight gender and identity responsive practices in treatment courts. This session will dive into ways that judges, attorneys, and court staff can consider issues of gender and identity in their drug courts.  Additionally, the session will include ways that programs can be responsive in treatment court interventions, retention, and graduation. 

5:00 p.m.          Networking and Reception

Thursday, October 20, 2022

7:00 a.m.          Continental Breakfast & Exhibits

8:00 a.m.          General Session – Creating an Inclusive Court to Promote Recovery
Mark Sanders, LCSW, CADC, On the Mark Consulting

This presentation focuses on strategies for creating an inclusive court to promote recovery. Topics covered include: three types of organizations: three signs of an inclusive court; how to move from a mono-cultural to an inclusive court; seven areas of focus in increasing organizational inclusivity; strategies for hiring; retaining and promoting a diverse workforce and the role of an inclusion committee in moving an organization’s DEI initiative Forward.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Articulate the 3 signs of an inclusive court.
  2. Use strategies to move an organization from mono-cultural to inclusive.
  3. Articulate 7 strategies for creating an inclusive court.
  4. Getting better results by helping everyone feel appreciated.
  5. Organize an inclusion committee to help move your organizations DEI initiative forward.
  6. Utilize inclusivity to promote recovery

9:45 a.m.          Break and Exhibits

10:15 a.m.        Breakout Sessions

#1 – Human Motivation and Opioid Treatment
Michael Clark, MSW, Director, Center for Strength-Based Strategies

With opioid intervention, immediacy is key. Response times are measured in minutes and hours, not days or weeks. Motivational interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based practice that is well suited for the brief and compressed time frames needed for intervention and treatment of Opioid Use Disorder (OUD). Learn how MI can help staff establish rapid engagement and strategically influence crucial decisions—potentially life-saving decisions—during first contact. 

Learning Objectives

  1. Describe the difference between the Motivational Interviewing approach versus coercion or confrontational treatment for intervention and treatment of Opioid Use Disorder.
  2. Identify how Motivational Interviewing is helpful for people who are angry and defensive at first contact.
  3. Recognize motivational interviewing concepts of ambivalence and discrepancy and describe how they are used to assist critical early decisions in Opioid Use Disorder interventions following arrest.
#2 – Wellness Recovery Action Plans (WRAP)
Nanette Larson, Director of Recovery Support Services, Illinois Department of Human Services, Division of Mental Health

Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) is an evidence-based practice that can be part of an individual’s clinical treatment plan. Individuals using WRAP at various points during justice system involvement have reported significant positive differences in their lives, including better physical and mental health, reduces substance use, better relationships, improved sleep, lower levels of stress, increased sense of purpose, greater confidence, and increased hope. Workshop participants will learn the principles and practices of WRAP that have such a powerful impact in people’s lives and how WRAP can be implemented as part of the collaborative case planning process required of all problem-solving courts.

#3 – The Value of Peer Specialists – Certified Recovery Support Specialists
Bonnie Gilmore, Recovery Coach, Rosecrance Ware Center

Peer support aids individuals in setting and achieving their recovery goals through emotional, informational, and other assistance.  Peer Support is an evidence-based practice that reduces hospitalizations and illness. Upon completion of this workshop, you will see the benefits of having a Peer Supporter that is a trusted Messenger. The greatest gift that a Peer Supporter will give is HOPE.

#4 – Law School 101: Constitutional Law for the Treatment Court Professional
David Pelletier, JD, Project Director National Association for Drug Court Professionals

The law is a tool for success and should not be viewed as an obstacle. Drug court professionals must develop a comprehensive understanding of what the law will and will not allow. Learn first-hand how to face challenges relating to ethics, HIPAA, confidentiality, due process, 12-Step programs and the law, and other constitutional requirements.

Learning Objectives

  1. Recognize constitutional and due process issues that affect the drug court program. 
  2. Identify how Federal Confidentiality Regulations are applied in the drug court setting. 
  3. Recognize ethic laws that influence drug court team member roles in the drug court progress.
#5 – Intimate Partner Violence
Casey Taft, Ph.D., National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System

This session will focus on the problem of intimate partner violence (IPV) in a subsect of the justice-involved veteran population. The speaker will discuss the etiology of IPV, focusing on how trauma and related problems such as posttraumatic stress disorder may influence how veterans interpret and respond to others in conflict situations. The discussion then shifts to a description of the Strength at Home program, including how motivational strategies facilitate accountability for abusive behavior. The session concludes with a review of the scientific evidence for the intervention.

Learning Objectives

  1. Review social information processing model for intimate partner violence. 
  2. Discuss strategies for motivating those who use intimate partner violence to increase their engagement in the therapy process. 
  3. Describe suggested programmatic modifications that can enhance participant outcomes.
#6 – The Science of Addiction and the Brain: Evaluating Evidence-Based Tools
Kenneth Robinson, Ed.D, Correctional Counseling

This presentation outlines the effects of drugs and alcohol on the brain. It discusses the most recent research in the area and stresses the importance of effective treatments to combat drug addiction. Participants will learn the short and long-term neurological effects of drug and alcohol use and the concepts of addiction and dependence. Additionally, participants will be able to apply current research findings to the practice of drug and alcohol treatment.

Learning Objectives

  1. Upon completion, participants attending this workshop will
  2. Learn the short and long-term neurological effects of drug and alcohol use 
  3. Understand the concepts of addiction & dependence
  4. Apply current research findings to the practice of drug and alcohol treatment

12:00 p.m.        Illinois Association of Problem-Solving Courts Annual Business Meeting

12:15 p.m.        Lunch & Informational Session
AOIC/Special Supreme Court Advisory Committee For Justice And Mental Health Planning Updates:  2022 
(0.75 CEUs for LSW/LCSW, LPC/LCPC, Nursing, Probation, General Attendance Approved)
(No Continuing Education Approved for MCLE or IAODAPCA)
Hon. Jeffrey Ford Ret. Champaign County Problem-Solving Court
Lynn Moore, AOIC Statewide PSC Coordinator
Michelle O’Brien, JD, Principal Court Management Consultant, National Center for State Courts
Bill Blundell, LCPC, MPA, Problem Solving Courts Manager, Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts

The Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts (AOIC) oversees multiple facets of problem-solving courts such as certification, recertification, and data collection. Training for problem-solving courts is also an ongoing project for collaboration with the National Center for State Courts and part of the Bureau of Justice Assistance grant awarded to AOIC.

1:00 p.m.          General Session – Understanding Team Member Ethics
David Pelletier, JD, Project Director National Association for Drug Court Professionals
Julie Seitz, Project Director, LGSW, LADC, National Center for DUI Courts

In this session, the presenters will facilitate a dialogue on the sometimes conflicting ethical obligations of drug court team members and try to reach a consensus on how best to handle ethical variations in drug court team member obligations.       

Learning Objectives

  1. Recognize the conflicting ethical obligations of drug court team members.
  2. Demonstrate tolerance and support for those team members with differing ethical obligations.
  3. Understand that ethical variances can be strengthen the team.     

2:45 p.m.          Break and Exhibits

3:15 p.m.          Breakout Sessions

#1 – Engaging the Most Difficult to Reach in the Helping Relationship
Mark Sanders, LCSW, CADC, On the Mark Consulting

Justice-involved clients who are most difficult to engage are at an increased risk of relapse and recidivism. This skill-building workshop focuses on strategies to engage the most difficult to engage clients in the helping relationship. Topics covered include pre-treatment engagement; engagement within the first 10 minutes of contact; strength-based engagement; a focus on uniqueness and engagement; stage based engagement and strategies for moving beyond resistance to help facilitate.

Learning Objectives

  1. Recognize reasons some clients are difficult for you to engage.
  2. Utilize 3 pre-treatment engagement strategies.
  3. Engage clients within the first 10 minutes of contact.
  4. Utilize strength-based engagement strategies.
  5. Incorporate stage-based engagement strategies.
  6. Move beyond resistance to facilitate behavioral change.
#2 – Building a Successful Mentor Team
Del Saam, 11th Judicial Circuit, Veterans Treatment Court Mentor Coordinator

This presentation will discuss implementing evidence-based peer-to peer practices into problem-solving courts, with a focus on Veterans Treatment Courts and Mentorship. The discussion includes being trauma-informed regarding veterans, combat PTSD, traumatic brain injuries, military sexual trauma, and suicidal ideations.  This presentation focuses on recruiting and building a mentor team.  Mentors help the justice-involved veteran understand why they need to change, help them set reasonable goals, help them find resources to integrate with their communities in a healthier lifestyle and reducing recidivism.  

#3 – One Million DWI’s – Using DWI Assessments to Get the Right Population Into Your Problem-Solving Court
Mark Stodola, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Probation Fellow 
Chris Konschak, JD, Senior Director of Traffic Safety and Government Relations,

In 2020, there were over a million drivers arrested for driving while intoxicated and over 10,000 drug/alcohol-impaired traffic fatalities.    Research tells us that about two thirds of the impaired driving population will never get another DWI while the other third will continue to recidivate.  How can you determine who is most at risk and how do you change their behaviors?  Using the expertise of the Director of Traffic Safety, and the American Probation and Parole Association’s Probation Fellow, this interactive presentation will provide an overview of the Impaired Driver Assessment (IDA) and the Computerized Assessment Referral System (CARS) as well as a continuum of the most recent evidence-based practices in addressing the challenges of triaging and supervising high-risk impaired drivers.     Participants will learn how assessments inform decision making in community supervision strategies, entry into DWI Courts, and treatment programming to help criminal justice and treatment professionals maximize their effectiveness in reducing risk to the community. 

Learning Objectives

  1. Participants will identify how the Impaired Driver Assessment and Computerized Assessment and Referral System can impact sentencing, community supervision strategies, and treatment decisions
  2. Participants will identify at least two research-based supervision strategies that are effective in the supervision of DWI offenders
  3. Participants will identify the best use of screening tools to triage cases and determine when to refer for a full assessment
#4 – Legislative Updates
Hugh Brady, ILAPSC Board Member

This session will review and discuss recent Illinois legislation that may be relevant to problem solving courts.  It will also look at ways people can track future legislation and even potentially have an impact on how it evolves.

#5 – The Importance of Core Correctional Practices (CCP) and the Problem-Solving Courts
Danielle Young, MPA, Program Manager in the Probation Services Division with the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts
Bill Blundell, LCPC, MPA, Adult Probation Supervisor/Problem Solving Court Coordinator in Peoria County, IL.

Core Correctional Practices (CCP) is a new probation training initiative in the State of Illinois. The State of Illinois is currently working to train probation staff and management in this new way to work with our clients. Much like the way we need to work with participants in the problem-solving courts, we are training staff to work with clients at all levels of probation in a similar way. 

#6 – Problem Gambling
Faye Freeman Smith, MS. LCPC, Heartland Community College 
Anita Maria Pindiur, MS, LCPC, CADC

This presentation will introduce to you the basics of gambling disorders, including information about how widespread gambling addiction can result in criminal behavior. We will discuss individual symptoms about gambling addiction focusing on the general and youth populations. We will also provide information on treatment, educational resources, tools to screen and refer for counseling services. We will touch upon the Illinois Gambling Prevalence Study. Lastly, review current forms of gambling and how the laws have changed.

Learning Objectives

  1. Participants will gain knowledge about basic gambling prevention and education
  2. Participants will obtain tools for screening and assessment
  3. Participants will obtain information about gambling and the criminal justice system
  4. Participants will gain knowledge of helpful gambling resources

5:00 p.m. Exhibits and Evaluations

Friday, October 21, 2022

7:00 a.m.          Continental Breakfast & Exhibits

8:00 a.m.          General Session – Developing Effective Treatment Plans for Persons with Co-occurring Disorders
Julie Seitz, Project Director, LGSW, LADC, National Center for DUI Courts

Persons with co-occurring mental illnesses and substance use disorders are in all types of adult drug courts. Substance misuse is the most common and clinically significant comorbid disorder among adults with severe mental illness. It is estimated that about 70-74 percent of persons in the criminal justice system affected by co-occurring disorders. Effective treatment planning is critical to positive outcomes both in treatment and in treatment court case-planning.

Learning Objectives

  1. Recognize the necessity of matching treatment approaches to the individual. 
  2. Recognize the necessity of providing a comprehensive continuum of treatment and ancillary services. 
  3. Develop an understanding of the complex interactions between flexible treatment and case planning while maintaining integrity to the ADC Best Practice Standards.    

9:45 a.m.          Break and Exhibits

10:15 a.m.        General Session – Problem-Solving Court Graduate Panel

Moderator – Hon. Jeffrey Ford, Ret. Champaign County Problem-Solving Court

11:30 a.m.        Lunch

1:00 p.m.          Breakout Sessions

#1 – Family Centered Approach for Veterans Courts
Christa M. Marshall, Psy.D., Marshall Psychological Services, LLC

Drawing on evidence from various treatment court models, we can see that intentional family engagement leads to better outcomes for participants and the family unit. In addition, related systems such as schools, substance use treatment programs, and mental health treatment programs have a significant evidence base indicating that integrating family and friends into the recovery model has positive benefits all around. We will provide strategies from these systems to be used in your VTC, as well as a tool that can be adopted for use during your program’s intake process.

Learning Objectives

  1. Summarize the evidence base for family/personal support participation in treatment courts based on evidence from related fields.
  2. Use guidelines to assess the appropriateness of potential family/personal support participation. 
  3. Identify ways to incorporate family and personal supports into your VTC.
#2 – Meeting the Challenges of Rural Problem-Solving Courts
Brooke Plachno, Adult Unit Supervisor, Specialty Courts Coordinator, Ogle County Probation and Court Services
Clayton Lindsey, JD, Associate Circuit Judge
Kathleen Isley, JD, Chief Public Defender, Ogle county
Brian Peterson, Adult Probation Officer 
Brigette Beckman, Adult Probation Officer
Stacy Noble, JD, Public Defender 
Mike Rock JD, Ogle County States Attorney

Rural Problem-Solving Courts are proving to be a necessary initiative across the nation, with many more challenges than urban-suburban settings.  This interactive session will look at how a rural county in Northwestern Illinois brought stakeholders to the table to commence a Specialty Court. Discussed will be how the transition of nearly all team members’ roles has affected the program, maintained an efficient program, and expanded the program to include an additional track.  These panelists include founding team members, along with new team members, who will share specific challenges, strengths, and solutions that work in the rural setting.

#3 – Demystifying the Research Process: Collaborating with Universities
Stacy Dewald, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal and Social Justice at the University of St. Francis
Laura Honegger, PhD, Assistant Professor of Social Work, University of St. Francis
Scott Dubois, PhD, CADC, Problem Solving Court Coordinator, Will County
Mitch Crandall. MPA, Will County
Jaclyn Hilderbrand Sopcic, JD, Prosecutor, Will County Problem-Solving Courts

This session will discuss the researcher-practitioner relationship between the Will County Problem Solving Courts and the University of St. Francis (Social Work and Criminal & Social Justice Departments). This partnership has been mutually beneficial. Universities have professors with the expertise, resources, and desire to conduct research, which can benefit a PSC that lacks the financial means or ability to conduct such research. At the same time, universities can benefit from partnering with PSCs, which can offer internships, service-learning projects, and opportunities for students to connect with the local community. Conducting research not only contributes to improving a Problem-Solving Court but opens up the opportunities for innovative ideas and grant funding. This session will explain how to forge a relationship with a university and discuss the opportunities and benefits of doing so. Finally, preliminary results from an alumni questionnaire will be discussed as an example of a product from our PSC-university partnership.

#4 – Interconnectivity of Behavioral Health- Advancements, Benefits and Costs in an Era of Teletherapy and Telehealth
Jason Soriano, Psy.D.

At the end of this presentation, the participant will be able to identify the benefits and consequences of increased Teletherapy and Telehealth, with a specific focus on ethical considerations, technological advances and future usage in behavioral health.

#5 – Engaging Law Enforcement in Your Treatment Court
Sheila McCarthy, Senior Program Manager, Center for Court Innovation
Lieutenant Brian Kenney, Nashua NH, Police Department

Treatment courts strive to combine effective justice approaches with clinical services, and law enforcement officers are vital to achieving this goal. This session will discuss best practices and strategies to engage law enforcement with treatment courts. Treatment courts where law enforcement is a member of the team have a significant reduction in recidivism, highlighting the importance of their role. Treatment courts interested in engaging with law enforcement will gain insight into opportunities to collaborate and get buy-in from local law enforcement. This session will provide insight into how treatment courts and law enforcement complement each other’s work.

Learning Objectives

  1. Learn why law enforcement participation is a key component to the success of treatment courts 
  2. Understand how to define the role of law enforcement on your team and how to best use law enforcement resources  
  3. Learn how officers can be trained and how to get buy-in from local law enforcement 
#6 – The Role and Challenges of the Problem-Solving Court Coordinator
Emily Behnke, Deputy Court Administrator, Problem-Solving Courts, 17th Judicial Circuit Court

This session will discuss the role of a Problem-Solving Court Coordinator.  Emphasis will be placed on ways to engage the team and stakeholders, budget and grants management, data collection and evaluation, and position responsibilities.  Practical suggestions for navigating common challenges of the PSC Coordinator role will be discussed.

2:30 p.m. Evaluations


The 2022 Illinois Association of Problem-Solving Courts Conference will be held Wednesday, October 19 – Friday, October 21, 2022 at the Bloomington-Normal Marriott in Normal, IL.

The ILAPSC Conference brings hundreds of individuals from around the state together to explore the latest research and issues of justice-involved individuals with behavioral health needs. The ILAPSC mission is to promote problem-solving courts in Illinois by providing education, assistance, training and development through collaboration of behavioral health and justice systems.

IDFPR Social Worker 14.75 hours
IDFPR Counselor 14.75 hours
IDFPR Nursing TBD Pending Application Approval
IAODAPCA #16079 14.75 hours
Categories: Counselor I or II, Preventionist I or II, CARS I or II, CODP I or II or III, PCGC II, CCJP I or II, CAAP I, CRSS I or II, CVSS I or II, GCE, CPRS I or II, MAATP I or II, RDDP, CFPP I or II, NCRS II Attorney MCLE 14.75 hours general credit applied for, professional education credit TBD
Probation 14.75 hours

This program is not approved for judicial education credit, IDFPR Marriage and Family Therapist credit, IDFPR Psychologist credit, or any other credit not otherwise listed. All attendees not registering for specific continuing education credit will receive a general attendance certificate.

You may transfer your registration to another person up until the time of the conference. If you cancel after September 30, 2022, there is a $50 service fee to cover administrative costs. Refunds may not be issued for cancellations on or after October 2, 2022. Cancellations and transfers can be submitted by email to

If you have any questions please contact the Conference Coordinators at 

If you should have any questions regarding the conference, please contact the Conference Coordinators via email at

Fee includes Wednesday evening networking reception (cash bar), continental breakfast Thursday and Friday, lunch on Thursday and Friday, a one-year membership to ILAPSC and continuing education credits.

Registration Fee does not include Hotel, Transportation, Food, or Beverages, other than what is listed above.